Some of the most important sires of the past few decades have been from A.P. Indy, Storm Cat, Thunder Gulch, Danzig, and in more reason years, Giant’s Causeway, Distorted Humor, and Kitten’s Joy. While these sires all are great in their own right, each traces their sire line back to one major line, that of Darley Arabian, one of the three foundation sires. A.P. Indy, Storm Cat, Danzig, Giant’s Causeway, and Kitten’s Joy trace back through Nearco, while Thunder Gulch and Distorted Humor go through Mr. Prospector Going back even farther, those two lines (Mr. Prospector and Nearco), trace back to one horse, British racehorse Phalaris. There, our story begins. Phalaris, a stallion from Polymelus out of Bromus became one of the most important sires in history. Sire of five European Classic Race winners, his descendents include the past three US Triple Crown winners, Secretariat, Seattle Slew, and Affirmed. Other descendents are European champions Nijinsky (better known in the states as Nijinsky II), Nasrullah, Galileo (sire of Frankel and Cape Blanco) and High Chaparrel. However, probably the two most important direct progeny are Pharos and Sickle. Pharos, 2nd in the 1923 Epsom Derby, may not have been the most successful of races, but was one of the most successful of sires. Sire of Federico Tesio’s Nearco, an undefeated runner and an important sire in his own right, Pharos would begin the Nearco line that would appear in many of the major sires around the world and some of the most accomplished races. Since 1985, every Prix de l’Arc de Triomphe winner can be traced back to Nearco. Nearco went on to sire Nasrullah, who sired Bold Ruler, an eight time leading sire in North America, and of course, sire of Secretariat. Another important offspring of Nearco is Northern Dancer, near Triple Crown winner in 1964, who has had more Breeders’ Cup winners come from his bloodline than any other horse. Northern Dancer is the sire of Nijinsky, Danzig, Storm Bird, and Sadler’s Wells, all who went on to be outstanding sires. However, most of the important horses from him come from his offspring. He is on the paternal side of Storm Cat, Deputy Minister, El Prado, Danehill, Big Brown, Makybe Diva, Mine that Bird, Rachel Alexandra, Summer Bird, Sea the Stars, Frankel, and Black Caviar. Now that is one amazing list of offspring. From the other offspring of Phalaros, Sickle left his legacy to his great-great grandsire, Raise a Native, an important horse to have when it comes to winning the Kentucky Derby; winners like Affirmed, Street Sense, War Emblem, Smarty Jones, and Funny Cide had him on their sire line. Of course, one of the most important sons of Raise a Native is Mr. Prospector, one of the most important sires in history, who would be a major reason why the Darley Arabian sire-line has become such a dominant bloodline in recent North American history.